Wednesday, March 23rd, 2011

Arms So Freezy: Rebecca Black's "Friday" As Radical Text

Rebecca Black wakes somewhat too perfectly in the early scenes of her viral video, "Friday." Her eyes open exactly as the clock beside her bed flashes seven. She wears full make-up. Rare for a teen, she isn’t tired, longs not for any receding dreams.

Her cultural debt is less to Molly Ringwald in Sixteen Candles than Evie Vicki the robot girl from Small Wonder, we realize, as in a voice controlled by Auto-Tune she enumerates the banalities of an anti-existence: “Gotta be fresh, gotta go downstairs, gotta have my bowl, gotta have cereal… gotta get down to the bus stop.”

She offers the camera a hostage's smile, forced, false. Her smoky eyes suggest chaos witnessed: tear gas, rock missiles and gasoline flames. They paint her as a refugee of a teen culture whose capacity for real subversion was bludgeoned away somewhere between the atrocities of Kent State and those of the 1968 Democratic Convention, the start of a creeping zombification that would see youthful dissent packaged and sold alongside Pez and Doritos.

“Look and listen deeply,” she challenges. An onanistic recursion, at once Siren and Cassandra, she heralds a new chapter in the Homeric tradition. With a slight grin, she calls out to us: “I sing of the death of the individual, the dire plight of free will and the awful barricades daily built inside the minds of all who endure what lately passes for American life. And here I shall tell you of what I have done in order to feel alive again.”


Ms. Black first appears as her own computer-generated outline: wobbly, marginal, a dislocated erasure. The days of the week flip by accompanied by dull obligations—“essay due”—and tired clichés—“Just another manic Monday…” Her non-being threatens to be consumed by this virtual litany of nothing at all until, at long last—Friday.

She moves from a home made vexing by obligations to the bus stop and there, in the public sphere, appears to find freedom from authoritarian programming in the form of a Mercedes convertible filled with high-status peers.

They stop and invite her to join them, a moment evoking Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night but with a postmodern twist suggestive of a post-historical amnesia: On this "Friday," it is no longer French leisure but German engineering that promises delivery from the snares of family and self-image.

“Gotta make my mind up,” she sings, overjoyed to finally exert some control over her fate; “Which seat can I take?”

Yet here the discerning viewer notes that something is wrong. Because it is a simple matter of fact that in this car all the good seats have already been taken. For Rebecca Black (her name here would seem to evoke Rosa Parks, a mirroring that will only gain in significance) there is no actual choice, only the illusion of choice.

The viewer knows that she’ll take the only seat that’s offered to her, a position so very undesirable as to be known by a derisive—the “Bitch" seat.

She might well have been better off on the school bus, among the have-nots. But Rebecca Black's world is so advanced in the craft of evisceration that this was never a consideration. John Hughes died while out jogging, these are the progeny of his great materialist teen-villain, James Spader, a name that would come to be synonymous with desperate sex and high-speed collision. And as she gets in the car Ms. Black’s joy is as patently empty as her liberation.

“Partying, Partying,” she sings, in hollow mantra.

“Yeah!” an unseen mass replies, a Pavlovian affirmation.

For Time—in its relativity, brutality and absurdity— is one of "Friday"'s great targets. In an instant day passes to night, and the realism of the bus stop gives way to a surreal blue-screen panorama of a full moon and false city running on loop as Ms. Black rides in the convertible, apparent-heiress to the grand American tradition of high school cruising, that curious space birthed by Cold War highways (themselves relics of our atomic fears) in which teenagers first experienced themselves as such.

Only Rebecca Black is not cruising. She is manifestly standing still, with not even a wind machine to help sell the con. This, the viewer cringingly notes, is not freedom but freedom’s cheap simulation, not the speeding liberty of earlier generations but a gross, benumbed mockery of it—the individual has collapsed, and language with him.

“The crying tires, the busting glass, the painful scream that I heard last…” sang J. Wilson and the Cavaliers, when pop still admitted technology's collusion with death. But that time is gone. For Rebecca Black there is only graphic effect, materialist schizobabble, “I got this, You got this…” she sings over and again, citizen as gaping appetite, grammarless and hungry.


And then arrives at a house party, a place absent of authority, the aim of Friday night.

“Partying, Partying,’” she sings again, now in detached self-narration.

“Yeah!” reply her friends, and then the sequence is repeated to evoke the grand progenitor of all American music, the call and response of a Negro spiritual, harkening back to our nation's great unhealing wound, slavery itself.

Are these not slaves of a kind? Are they not trapped here? Is consumerism not just another form of forced labor? In an age of harvested data and biological determinism there is no will and so no freedom of it—only constant manipulation of the pleasure principle, the bleary throbbing of overtaxed dopamine centers.

Three girls march single-file into the house, eager for introductory lessons to chemical abuse, sexual politics, personal branding—the sickly trinity of numbness that will see them through whatever non-lives the data banks ladle out to them.

We return to the computer graphic calendar sequence, the litany of days: Ms. Black’s image flickers across the screen, now doubled, fractured, schizophrenic, threatening Kleboldian frenzy—as we cut to an African-American man in his early thirties.

He wears diamond earrings, a light beard, drives across the familiar blue-screen cityscape. He alone seems untaken by the false images around him. Is it because he can’t forget American brutality? Does ancient bondage keep him from modern numbness? Is he protected from pharma and plasma by fire hoses and cotton fields?

In broadest terms, the answer is yes: Ms. Black’s parents have paid this rapper to appear in the video as a conduit to ghetto rawness, hired blackness, an invigorating hit of the Other. He is a peddler of “the real” in a false-era of commoditized suffering.

But who is he within the text?

“Yeah, Yeah, R. B., Rebecca Black,” he raps. “So chilling in the front side, In the back seat, I’m driving, cruising… Passing by is a school bus, in front of me…” he continues, though by now the core questions have been raised.

How does he know the name of a girl so many years his junior? And why, after speaking her name, does he talk not of the front seat, but the front side, known slang for female genitalia? Why, after referencing this, does he so pointedly, grinningly, look to his own groin?

Does he note the school bus because he knows it to be Rebecca’s primary mode of transportation? Is it possible that he is now pursuing her, "driving, cruising” to the very party that she is at? Is there any other plausible explanation?

But why would he be headed there?

Here we may profitably consider two of rap’s classic male types.

He may be a “hustler”, a drug-dealer archetype, a man raised in the projects amid roaches and rags, smokers out back, selling their mother’s sofas, look-outs on the corner. As such he would be headed to the Rebecca’s party to sell her and her friends assorted narcotics.

But such a view is cynical, perhaps racist, certainly lazy. Consider his genital self-referencing, his otherwise inexplicable interest in Ms. Black, whose apparent lack of drug-involvement further discredits the hustler scenario.

He is far more likely a “player” or “pimp," rap’s Lothario archetype, a man whose interest in loving then leaving women is grounded in 1) “Cheese” and 2) The assertion, less misogynistic than anti-Abrahamic, that he doesn’t need them.

Perhaps this explains the outsized revulsion/fascination engendered by "Friday," which we may now understand as a double-backed retelling of Lolita and Othello: The man before us is clearly speeding towards a illicit sexual assignation with our underage heroine.


The beating heart of "Friday" is indeed this hip hop Humbert Humbert with whom Ms. Black has joined in a meta-taboo of race, class and sex.

What we are seeing here is no mere rap interlude but a sly reference to the endless driving scenes in Kubrick’s adaptation of Nabokov's work, a crypto sex scene from which we return to the suburban house party.

Where Ms. Black stands no longer among but above her peers, clearly celebrated for refusing the carnal diktats of a society which claims to revere sex and youth and the individual but which, by packaging these ineffables as items of disposable convenience, renders all to nothing.

She has followed the sexual urge across every boundary to recover a clear and choosing self, and in her freedom all may find hope.

A phallic tree trunk behind her marks the completion of the anarcho-sexual odyssey, cock as axis mundi, Moses as Lolita. Then, to further highlight the doneness of the deed, she’s suddenly in a red-lit room, a private space, sustaining a single note at once suggestive of childish tantrums, orgasmic ecstasy and Taliban ululation.

At last she is free from Auto-Tune. Deprogrammed, as it were.

We cut to our pimp, her lover, driving with one hand on the wheel, the other waving in R. Kelly-esque bravado, as he races fast back into the undifferentiated Other. The city is no longer visible out his windows. It has been replaced by streaming, colored lights that serve to unify him with the now-aptly named Ms. Black—together, they have obliterated the false landscape.

People are scandalized, as they ought to be.

The apparent frivolity of "Friday" is only its most cunning aspect, a bubble-gum Trojan horse containing a radical text throwing itself against the gears of a death-bound society. And in Ms. Black’s voice we hear the full cry of a revolutionary age, Benghazi echoing across Orange County, the ancient wail of all who have ever wanted more.

Dana Vachon is a writer living in Manhattan, followable on Twitter.

52 Comments / Post A Comment

br_add (#10,639)

hate to be "that guy" but it's actually a chrysler convertible…

Moff (#28)

You're not the only one who hates that you're that guy.

dntsqzthchrmn (#2,893)

You had me at "onanistic recursion." Actually, no, you had yourself there.

A Sebring, specifically. History will thank us for the precision.

keisertroll (#1,117)

The robot from Small Wonder was named V.I.C.I. (Voice Input Child Identicant). But that does not make your arguments any less trenchant, or your article any less awesome.

petejayhawk (#1,249)

More importantly, Tiffany Brissette was my first celebrity crush.

keisertroll (#1,117)

I loved her as Pippi Longstocking. Also, that "Small Wonder" episode with Lyle Alzado is officially the most ironic thing I have ever seen.

zidaane (#373)

If we find out this Rebecca doesn't have a cell phone, she's really going to get some abuse like she's never experienced.

nonvolleyball (#9,329)

oh man! this was just like being in college again. thank you.

Andrew Piccone (#7,185)

So good!

saythatscool (#101)

Anybody else remember a better time in this country when people were actually kind of "afraid" of teenagers?

Sam Donaldson could shake this crew down for their milk money and asthma medication.

keisertroll (#1,117)

Could I like twice just for the Sam Donaldson reference? His face looked like as if he had one continuous bowel movement from 1958 to 1997.

Bittersweet (#765)

Met him once…hair just as scary in person, if not more so.

Of course you know that you have now ruined this subject as material for a PhD thesis in the social sciences.

joeks (#5,805)

A quick Ctrl+F reveals that you wrote this without using "simulacrum" OR "simulacra"! Congratulations!

You still wrote all this about a YouTube video, though.

Moff (#28)

Why can I only delete my own comments?

tinierthanthou (#10,724)

pls elaborate/explain…im intrigued

Dave Bry (#422)

This is awesome.

cherrispryte (#444)

I …. wow. Fantastic.

KarenUhOh (#19)

"Hope I sell before I get old."

+1 : James-Spader-in-Crash reference.
-1 : lack of "Warm Leatherette" chaser.

bemuselouche (#10,201)

what few ppl realize about DV is that when he writes this shit, he is SERIOUS

Aatom (#74)

I hope you do one of these for all the Ark videos we are about to endure.

Next up: Alana Lee

El Matardillo (#586)

There is a place for you at Cambridge.

roboloki (#1,724)

what's a party n or is it party in? so confused.

pepper (#676)

Ah, the wonders of a Duke education.

Cameron Hardesty (#9,852)

This really is awesome.

kingmob (#10,648)

i have decided to:

1) take this absolutely seriously

2) agree with it

…so there.

notScissors (#10,653)

What is impressive in "Friday" is the pseudo-atonality achieved by the low quality autotune. Like any of Schoenberg's dodecaphonic music (cf. Erwartung), it makes us feel uncomfortable. Trapped behind this veil of eery sound, Rebecca Black draws attention to her unfulfilled desire. The author calls this "cheap simulation;" I would call it "dissimulation."

notScissors (#10,653)

I don't usually write à la M. Vachon. I write (a little bit) at

lbf (#2,343)

She is America's answer to Japanese experimentations with pop music's uncanny valley. I hope Girl Talk does something good with her.

Jed Davis (#10,655)

You left out the green light over her left shoulder at the party, which is obviously a reference to "The Great Gatsby"

"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgiastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther … And one fine morning –

So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past."

Rebecca has had her boat beaten back against the currents of popularity to the point that she doesn't even know what seat she can take, and yet she continues on into the future with her arms stretched out. Her message is one of despair combined with hope for her Heather-riffic future.

@Jed Davis: I believe you're looking for #4 over here.

pandrea (#10,661)

i liked this better on /b/:

chrisives09 (#10,700)

I held my tongue at first because I was afraid that this is Frank Black's daughter. Not her… Game on!

aaron75 (#10,763)

I like this write up a lot. But for me I definitely think 95% of the video is actually a dream sequence.

In her dream Black wakes with oddly crimped hair, fully made up, and goes downstairs, where she convulses and twitches, as the ghosts of her dead family dash and dance around behind her. She finds herself suddenly at a bus stop, but just as quickly finds herself in a car with children obviously too young to drive (except in dreams). Suddenly it's night and she's with a new group of girls – seemingly pursued by a Freddy Krueger-esque dream rapper (who has already killed her family in an unseen video prelude – hence the ghosts in her kitchen). The demonic child hunting dream rapper is so intent on pursuing a busload of fresh tasty school children in front of him (very similar to Nightmare on Elm St 2's opening sequence) that he doesn't actually realise our cluey heroine has pulled a switch on him and is in fact NOT actually on this bus. Our Becky is actually now back at home, and has busily gathered the neighbourhood children (who will become 'The Dream Warriors – see Nightmare On Elm St 3) so together they can battle the evil dream rapper via the powers of their combined electric youth.

Once gathered in Black's backyard, and making sure the backyard party lights are blasting to ensure no one trips over on the garden rockeries or falls in the nearby pool (safety first – another example of our heroine's righteousness and clear headed thinking – even under extreme duress), the children begin their assault on their adversary – chanting the words 'fun fun fun fun' and 'partying partying YEAH!' over and over, in an attempt to kill the child hunting dream rapper. The battle is of course fraught with danger, resulting in a precarious moment (2 mins 54) when the dream rapper arrives at the soiree – and attempts to send his soul into Rebecca (our heroine's eyes bludge and her head twitches demonically) but she cleverly rejects the evil soul with a well placed soprano note, spewing the demon rapper's soul back out, and hitting the dream rapper with a few more soprano notes, plus some added hair tossing, and scrunch-faced emotion, the combined assault of which sears and tears at the dream rapper's flesh, finally destroying him.

The video ends with the dream warriors clapping and cheering, celebrating their victory, and confident that they are now finally free of the demonic child hunter who has terrorised them every Friday since beginning high school. The video ends on a high note, but like many horror franchises, I wouldn't actually be surprised if Black must again duel with the evil child hunting rapper in the videos Friday Part 2: Revenge of The Dream Rapper, Friday Part 3: It's Rebecca – Bitch!, Friday Part 4: The Final Battle, and Friday's Part 5 and 6: The Final Final Battle and It's Really The Final Battle This Time.

I don't know why people don't realise it's all a dream, didn't anyone see Dallas when Pam Ewing woke to find she'd dreamed a whole year's worth of storylines and Bobby wasn't really dead, he'd just been showering for a year?

Kim Kardashian (#10,821)



Kim Kardashian (#10,821)

OMG cannot believe my cousin did that! she made me, the real "MaCkson" soo embarrassed. WHY ISN"T THERE A DELETE OPTION THERE? sooo embarrassing

Kim Kardashian (#10,821)

MaCkson is a mix of my first and last names, which she separably disgraced. I, Maddy Clarckson am not like what was posted under my account, and my cousin is in sooo much trouble for this

Kim Kardashian (#10,821)

and i know that Clarckson is a silly way of spelling the name Clarkson but that is the way i do it

Kim Kardashian (#10,821)

so dont judge

Kim Kardashian (#10,821)

i have changed my profile name because i dont wanna be associated with the MaCkson fiasco

Ed Gibbs@facebook (#10,852)

What propels this article from amusing to amazing is not the various literary references…it's the reference to Jay Z's "H.O.V.A." VERY well done!

That's not even close to a Mercedes convertible…..its a Chrysler Sebring, the perpetual darling of rental lots in North America….lol.
Great article otherwise!!!

hanna jane (#10,979)

Rebecca Black herself has confirmed that "Friday" is, indeed, meant to be interpreted as radical text:

You are reading too much into this. You made Black into an actual artist. In reality her family is vicariously trying to make her the next Justin Bieber. Ugh!

easily the best thing I have ever read on this website.

Clarie Skogstad (#244,577)

I would be supportive on all of your articles and blogs because they are just upto the mark. J Gateway

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